club convergence

Regional income convergence and conditioning factors in Turkey: Revisiting the role of spatial dependence and neighbor effects

Spatial dependence across provinces plays an important role in the formation of convergence clubs. The performance of geographical neighbors affects the probability of club membership through spillovers in capital accumulation and structural change.

Schooling Ain’t Learning in Europe: A Club Convergence Perspective

Divergence in learning outcomes is increasing over time. Institutional and learning spillovers are decisive for whether an EU Member State is on a high or low human capital trajectory.

Regional convergence and spatial dependence in Thailand: Global and local assessments

This article studies the evolution of per-capita income disparities and spatial dependence across 77 provinces of Thailand over the period 1995–2017.

Provincial income convergence clubs in Indonesia: Identification and conditioning factors

This study evaluates the regional convergence hypothesis at the provincial level during the recent deindustrialization period 2001–2017 of Indonesia.

Regional income disparities, distributional convergence, and spatial effects: Evidence from Indonesian regions 2010–2017

Using a novel dataset, we analysis the spatio-temporal dynamics of income per capita across 34 provinces and 514 districts in Indonesia over the 2010–2017 period.

Regional income disparities and convergence clubs in Indonesia: New district-level evidence

By applying a non-linear dynamic factor model, this article tests the club convergence hypothesis using a novel dataset of income at the district level. The results show significant five convergence clubs.